Interiors: Dining saloon of the SS Great Eastern, 1859.

dining saloon great eastern

Here is another shipboard installment of “Interiors” (prior examples include this and this), but when I saw this amazing photo I knew I simply had to share it. This is the main dining saloon aboard the SS Great Eastern, which was undoubtedly the most amazing ship of her time and a significant milestone in the history of technology. It was the brainchild of the British industrial designer Isambard Kingdom Brunel, a pioneer of engineering in the early Industrial Revolution era, and was meant to set a new standard in speed, power and luxury for transatlantic travel. Construction on the Great Eastern–which dwarfed any steamship (or any other kind of ship) then in existence by a wide margin–began in 1854 and continued for the next five years. By 1859 the ship was fitted out and ready for passengers. This room exemplifies the standard that Brunel and the Eastern Steam Navigation Company had in mind for their great liner.

The details of this photo fascinate me. The paneling and moulding is extremely intricate, especially toward the ceiling, and the light fixture–which would have held gas lamps–looks like something out of a Gothic horror movie. The furniture, however, is surprisingly simple, with very plain cane-backed chairs which are, interestingly, not bolted to the floor as they were on other (later) passenger liners. The table service set out here is typical of mid-Victorian excess. Everyone has at least three forks, a soup spoon and several glasses for various beverages, including water, also unusual on Victorian tables. In the 1850s a high-class dinner would take several hours, proceeding through endless courses of soups, fowl, meats, and desserts, each one accompanied with its own wine or liquor. As I’ve pointed out several times on this blog before, the alcohol consumption of the typical person in the 19th century was several times that of what would mark someone as a hopeless alcoholic by today’s standards. My guess is that dining on the Great Eastern took up a good chunk of the day. There wasn’t much else to do on a transatlantic voyage at this time, which could take nearly two weeks.

The Great Eastern was a very unlucky ship. In September 1859 she blew up on her maiden voyage, killing six people. After repairs she finally completed her first voyage across the Atlantic in June 1860. Though mighty and impressive, the Great Eastern was grotesequely expensive to operate and would have had a hard time making a profit in boom times, but she had the misfortune to start her Atlantic work about the time of the U.S. Civil War when traffic between England and America declined. She only made a handful of voyages between 1860 and 1863, served briefly as a cable-laying ship for an unsuccessful attempt to lay a submarine telegraph cable, and wound up as a floating advertising billboard before being demolished in 1889. Rumor has it that a human skeleton was found wedged in her double bottom when she was finally taken apart.

This photo is in the public domain.
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3 Comments

  1. If this is only the main dining room, how many classes were there?
    Although the Great Eastern did lose the first transatlantic cable, on a later voyage it not only recovered it and it was successfully spliced, it also lay a second cable. The only other things it is known for is being the largest liner built until well into the 20th century and, transporting an entire regiment (? or some large group) of British soldiers to Canada when that colony was afeared of an American attack. (See the very large cannons (perhaps Armstrong guns) mounted on the quarters of the fort in Quebec. (They don’t mention them in the English language tour.)
    Brunel was the image of a Victorian engineer when all sorts of new things were being born. He deserves an article of his own.

    1. I tried to find out how many classes there were and couldn’t discover anything on it. She may have been built just for luxury trade which would explain why she was such a financial failure. Although plenty of poor people were going to America in the 1850s and 60s, I suspect they were taking much smaller and more modest ships, and this was the era before the class-segregated liners featuring lavish accommodations for the rich and cramped holds for thousands of steerage passengers. But I’m just not sure.

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